Pete Townshend - Who Came First

In stock
can be shipped within 1-3 working days

Price incl. VAT, plus delivery

Pete Townshend - Who Came First
Who Came First.jpg
Studio album by
 Pete Townshend
Released October 1972
Recorded 1969-72
Studio Eel Pie Sound, London, England
Genre Rock
Length 38:04
Label Track/Polydor (UK)
Track/Decca/MCA (US)
Producer Pete Townshend
Pete Townshend chronology
I Am
Who Came First
With Love
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 4/5 stars
Christgau's Record Guide A–


  "Who Came First" is the debut album by Pete Townshend, released in 1972 on Track Records in the UK and Track/Decca in the US. It includes demos from the aborted concept album Lifehouse, part of which became "Who's Next". The original release had a gatefold cover and included a poster with additional photos of Meher Baba from the Louis van Gasteran film Beyond Words. The cover photo of Townshend standing on eggs is a reference to the eternal question "Who came first: the chicken or the egg?" It peaked at number 30 on the UK album chart and at number 69 on the US Billboard 200.



Background and content

Townshend had already participated with other artists on two previous albums in tribute to his guru Meher Baba, Happy Birthday and I Am. These albums were privately distributed in very small quantities between 1970 and 1972 in the UK. Soon after Decca asked Townshend for permission to release the recordings, as inferior copies were circulating in the US as bootlegs. Rather than re-issuing the original albums Townshend decided to change the track list substantially and develop the project into his first "official" solo album. Three of Townshend's demos for Lifehouse were selected, along with two songs each from the earlier tribute albums and two additional songs.

The Lifehouse demos included are: "Pure and Easy," edited from its original length of 8:35; "Let's See Action"; and (with minor overdubs added) "Time Is Passing." Of these, only "Let's See Action" had seen prior release, as a single by the Who in 1971. The Who's versions of the remaining two Lifehouse songs were eventually released on "Odds and Sods" and on reissued versions of "Who's Next". All of Townshend's Lifehouse demos were eventually released on Lifehouse Chronicles in 2000.

From the tribute album Happy Birthday came Townshend's "Content" and Ronnie Lane's "Evolution." The latter is a reworking of the track "Stone" which had appeared on The Faces' debut album "First Step" in 1970; the Happy Birthday version was over six minutes long and was edited to 3:36. From the follow-up tribute album I Am, Billy Nicholls' "Forever's No Time at All" and Townshend's "Parvardigar" were selected; the latter's lyrics are adapted from Meher Baba's "Universal Prayer." The track list was rounded out with Townshend's composition "Sheraton Gibson" and his cover of "Heartache," a.k.a. "There's a Heartache Following Me," which had been a UK number 6 hit in 1964 by the American country singer Jim Reeves and a favorite of Meher Baba, according to Townshend's notes on the album's back cover.

The songs were recorded at Townshend's home studio, which was among the most advanced home studios in England at the time. Townshend does not appear on the Nicholls track, but does play guitar on the Lane track; he plays all other instruments on the remainder of the album.

One dollar from each sale of the 1972 album went to charities.


Release history

Original UK copies were on Track Records, reissued by Polydor Records after Track ceased operations in 1978. The first US issue appeared on the silver Track/Decca label. In 1973 it was reissued in the US on the MCA Records black with rainbow label, but without the gatefold cover or the poster.


Critical reception

Reviewing in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies (1981), Robert Christgau wrote: "Townshend sounds as relaxed in this rather folkish Meher Baba tribute cum 'gynormouse ego trip' as Paul McCartney in his do-it-yourself studio, and a lot less self-absorbed—other musical gurumongers sound 'Content' (title of worst song here), but Pete seems happy, too. So much so that some of this music is a little lightweight—expressing the kind of undiscriminating joy in the everyday one might expect from somebody who considers 'You always were, you always are, and you always will be' both a profound sentiment and a snappy way to finish off a concept album. But I'm encouraged that Ronnie Lane (singer-songwriter on 'Evolution') offers a drink (alcohol, get it?) to the Master and his Truth. And in the end the homely sweetness and frailty of his music prevails."


Track listing

Side one
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "Pure and Easy" Pete Townshend 5:32
2. "Evolution" Ronnie Lane 3:44
3. "Forever's No Time at All" Billy Nicholls, Katie McInnerny 3:06
4. "Nothing Is Everything (Let's See Action)" Pete Townshend 6:25
Side two
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "Time Is Passing" Pete Townshend 3:27
2. "There's a Heartache Following Me" Ray Baker 3:23
3. "Sheraton Gibson" Pete Townshend 2:37
4. "Content" Maud Kennedy, Pete Townshend 2:58
5. "Parvardigar" Meher Baba, Pete Townshend 6:46




  • Pete Townshend — vocals, guitars, keyboards, bass guitar, drums, percussion; harmonica on "Day of Silence"
  • Ronnie Lane — vocals and guitar on "Evolution"
  • Billy Nicholls — vocals and guitar on "Forever's No Time at All"
  • Caleb Quaye — guitars, bass guitar, and percussion on "Forever's No Time at All"




Pete Townshend - Who Came First

UK Track 2408 201 (1972) 1st press.

The vinyl record has remained in excellent condition.

Audio quality is very clear and strong throughout.

Both record centre labels are clean, unmarked, and free from tears, stains or stickers.

The album's laminated, hinged cover is in excellent condition, displaying only minimal signs of wear.

The album cover has a strong hinge and spine, displaying very clear, printed script.

The original colour, printed poster artwork is excellently presented.

Browse these categories as well: Progressive & Classic Rock Albums, Hard Rock/Metal/Punk Albums